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目的论指导下的英语复杂句翻译实践报告——以《一个字都别信》(节选)为例

论文作者:留学生论文论文属性:硕士毕业论文 dissertation登出时间:2021-11-01编辑:vicky点击率:315

论文字数:43566论文编号:org202110141757433205语种:英语 English地区:中国价格:$ 44

关键词:商务英语论文

摘要:本文是一篇商务英语论文翻译,在目的论及其三原则的指导下,作者分析了《不相信一个词》中的20个长句和复杂句的例子,主要运用了五种翻译技巧:顺序、倒装、转换、转移和综合性语义。众所周知,英语句子以主语和谓语为核心,主体结构突出。内容中的其他从属关系和修饰关系围绕着这个主体。

本文是一篇商务英语论文翻译,笔者认为译者应该仔细分析句子,使用正确的翻译技巧,只有这样才能真正把原文的意思传达给读者。同时,译者必须具备中英语言知识的坚实基础,熟悉两种语言的表达习惯和语言文化,对两种语言的风俗习惯、宗教信仰和价值观有更全面的了解。翻译决不是一个简单的逐字逐句的替换。它要求译者在忠实于原文的基础上进行再创作。

Chapter Two Task Description


2.1 Background of Translation

First, the author wants to introduce the book which is chose the original Englishelectronic book Don’t Believe A Word in Amazon.

Published in 2020, David Shariatmadari foresaw the day that came within 12months of his book – the panic hoarding of daily essentials – toilet paper, canned food,and prescription medicine – roused by the fear that they might suddenly be taken awayfrom us. His book examines the direction that language and our ability to communicate,clearly expresses people's misunderstandings about linguistics in real life, and explainsthem in an easy-to-understand way, which could relieve the pressure of learninglinguistics. At the same time, use a humorous way to convey the correct message to thereader.

The modern speaker or writer is lazy and imprecise, and yet hyped up toexaggeration, leading to the condition known as language obesity and spawning wordslike temper tantrums, live survivors, safe havens, new initiatives, and the all-time favorite– free gifts. Many things are tearing down our ability to communicate, and discussingwhat there are, Shariatmadari brings us back a little in time to see how languages formand are used across the world, and how dialects come from, and how they are subordinateto a superior main tongue. Throughout the book we find bits of fascinating information –that Mandarin is the most information dense language – but they all coagulate into awhole, to help us understand what language does for us, and what we are doing tolanguage. Shariatmadari invites us to chase the references in the book because they are atreasure trove.

.............................


2.2 Definition of Long and Complex Sentences

Song Tianxi (2000) believes that the sentence that usually possesses more than 20words is what we call the long sentence. However, translators should note that longEnglish sentences that have more than 20 words do not mean they are complex Englishsentences. For example, the sentence “I buy a pair of pants, a bunch of flowers, apples,peaches, bananas, a basket of oranges, tomatoes and potatoes, a pack of potato chips, aChinese-English dictionary and a magazine in the market” has 34 words, but its structureis so simple that it cannot be considered as a complex sentence.

Long and complex sentences in English refer to sentences with more than 25 words,which contain two or more clauses, infinitives, participles, prepositional phrases oradverb phrases (Liu, 2016). Sentences of this kind have the following characteristics:

Firstly, there are more juxtaposition in a sentence. In long and complex sentences,there are often many sentence elements such as parallel subject, predicate, attribute oradverbial, which makes the sentence structure complicated and makes it more difficult tounderstand the meaning of the sentence.

Secondly, there are many modifiers in sentences. The structure of English sentencesis mostly “headword + modifier”, and there are many modifiers in a sentence, which actas different components in the sentence.

Thirdly, there are many flexible clauses in long and com论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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